Publications: Journal Articles

Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Urban Slums: Experiences from Nairobi, Kenya

Elizabeth Kimani-Murage, L. Schofield, Frederick Wekesah, S. Mohamed, Blessing Mberu et al

Journal of Urban Health. 2014, 91: 1098-1113. Food and nutrition security is critical for economic development due to the role of nutrition in healthy growth and human capital development. Slum residents, already grossly affected by chronic poverty, are highly vulnerable to different forms of shocks, including those arising from political instability. This study describes the food security…

Food, Place, and Culture in Urban Africa: Comparative Consumption in Gaborone and Blantyre

Alexander Legwegoh & Liam Riley

Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. 2014, 9: 256-279. Urban food insecurity is an increasingly important research and policy challenge in urbanizing sub-Saharan Africa. There is growing concern within food security literature about the paradoxical expansion of both hunger and obesity within African cities, and yet there is insufficient research from a social sci- ence…

Migrant Windhoek: Rural–Urban Migration and Food Security in Namibia

Wade Pendleton, Jonathan Crush & Ndeyapo Nickanor

Urban Forum. 2014, 25(2): 191-206. The relationship between migration and food security in urban areas is an emerging area of research internationally. To date, with the exception of studies in India, Kenya, and Namibia, little attention has focused on food insecurity experienced by migrants in cities of the Global South. Building on earlier work in Namibia,…

Adaptive Urbanism: Sensing the Interstices of African Cities

Edgar Pieterse

Harvard Design Magazine. 2014, 37: 80-85.  

Gendered Mobilities and Food Access in Blantyre, Malawi

Liam Riley & Belinda Dodson

Urban Forum. 2014, 25: 227-239. Access to food, rather than a shortage of food availability, is the central problem for urban household food security. Blantyre presents a useful case study for demonstrating the importance of linking gender and urban food security. Rates of urban food insecurity are less severe than in other cities surveyed by AFSUN.…

Comparative Urban Food Geographies in Blantyre and Gaborone

Liam Riley & Alexander Legwegoh

African Geographical Review. 2014, 33: 52-66. The geographical diversity of African cities creates context-specific strengths and weaknesses in household food security that come to light in the comparative case study presented in this paper. A recent survey of low-income households in 11 southern African cities found a much higher rate of food security in Blantyre (48%)…

Operation Dongosolo and the Geographies of Urban Poverty in Malawi

Liam Riley

Journal of Southern African Studies. 2014, 40(3): 443-458. Urban poverty in southern Africa is a multi-dimensional issue comprising both deeply rooted historical factors expressed in the built environments of cities and contemporary factors related to ongoing political and economic changes. The tension between states and street vendors throughout southern Africa is part of a perennial struggle…

Urban Carbon Footprint and Carbon Cycle Pressure: The Case Study of Nanjing

Zhao Rongqin, Huang Xianjin, Liu Ying, Taiyang Zhong, Minglei Ding, Xiaowei Chuai

Journal of Geographical Sciences. 2014, 24: 159-176. Urban carbon footprint reflects the impact and pressure of human activities on urban environment. Based on city level, this paper estimated carbon emissions and carbon footprint of Nanjing city, analyzed urban carbon footprint intensity and carbon cycle pressure and discussed the influencing factors of carbon footprint through LMDI decomposition…

Contradictions in China’s Path to Zero Food Safety Risk: State- and Civil Society-Driven Developments in the Ecological Agriculture Sector

Steffanie Scott, Zhenzhong Si, Theresa Schumilas & Aijuan Chen

Food Policy. 2014, 45: 158-166. Considering certified organic production as ‘zero’ (including the absence of genetically modified seeds and feed, and synthetic pesticides and fertilizers as inputs), we outline how, since the 1990s, China has developed a unique system of progressively stringent food quality production standards—‘hazard-free’, ‘green food’, and organic—on its purported path to zero…

Household Food Insecurity & Survival in Harare: 2008 and Beyond

Godfrey Tawodzera

Urban Forum. 2014, 25: 207-216. In 2008, Zimbabwe was in crisis, with an economy in ruins and a volatile political environment. The country’s GDP had contracted by over 40 % since 2,000 level; the official unemployment rate was over 80 %; hyperinflation was running at over 200 million percent; and food production deficits of the staple crop, maize,…