Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 49: Urban Food System Governance and Food Security in Namibia

Jonathan Crush, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Lawrence Kazembe

Namibia’s transition to an urban society is occurring extremely rapidly and with it has come a transformation of urban food systems, changes in diets and food consumption patterns, increased undernutrition and overnutrition, and the rapid growth of non-communicable diseases. This paper examines the policy response of the Namibian government to the nutrition transition and double…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 48: COVID-19 and Emergency Food Security Policies in Urban China

Taiyang Zhong, Jonathan Crush, Zhenzhong Si and Steffanie Scott

The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to spread worldwide, threatening people’s health as well as their food security. Yet, empirical research investigating its impacts on food security is scant. Limited attention has been paid to the local food security management implications of an infectious disease pandemic. To narrow these gaps, this study investigated the development of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 47: Urban Food Security and Household Shocks in Nairobi, Kenya

Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Jonathan Crush and Samuel Owuor

Even though urban poverty is a key component of the development agenda in Nairobi with a focus on job creation, provision of basic infrastructure (such as roads and clean drinking water), food security has traditionally been omitted by city planners and managers despite its centrality to people’s health and wellbeing. One of the consequences of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 46: Hunger, Anger, and Strangers: Precarious Status and Food Insecurity Among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in South Africa

Jennifer Kandjii

This discussion paper analyzes the impact of a multiplicity of actors, policies, and practices on the food security of refugees and asylum seekers in South Africa’s urban spaces. Building on recent work that focuses on the legal production of illegality, institutionalization of precarity, and the reproduction of bordering practices by the state and citizenry, the…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 45: Food Security Policy Responses to COVID-19 in Wuhan and Nanjing, China

Yi-Shin Chang, Zhenzhong Si, Steffanie Scott, Taiyang Zhong and Jonathan Crush

After decades of famine and thousands of deaths caused by food shortages and starvation, China was able to achieve food security for the majority of its population through ensuring food availability. Despite this, during COVID-19, the government needed to heighten their responses to ensure food security and faced several challenges in doing so. This paper…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 44: Change, Challenge and Opportunity in the Indian Urban Food System: Lessons from Bangalore, India

Farhan Rahman

Over the past decade and a half, food policies have undergone much change as decentralization and the reliance on free markets have escalated. Increasing levels of research into the traditional wholesaling system prompted Indian lawmakers to embark upon reform. Using evidence obtained from doctoral research in Bangalore, India, this paper demonstrates that the traditional system…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 43: Revisiting China’s Supermarket Revolution: Evidence from Nanjing City

Yuan Yuan, Taiyang Zhong, Zhenzhong Si, Xianjin Huang and Jonathan Crush

Like many emerging economies in the Global South, China is experiencing major transformations of its national and local food system characterized by the rise of supermarkets. There has been an ongoing debate on the relationship between the supermarket and the wet market in developing countries. Drawing on data from a city-wide supermarket mapping and surveys…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 42: The Role of Infrastructure Access in Urban Household Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Southern Cities

Cameron McCordic, Bruce Frayne and James Sgro

The geographical concentration of poverty in informal neighbourhoods across cities is a common socio-economic feature of the urban form. Many of these impoverished areas also suffer from limited access to urban infrastructure. Given the expense and planning necessary to develop urban infrastructure, these areas are socially vulnerable in part because of their exclusion from urban…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 41: Migration and Food Security in Cities of the Global South

Abel Chikanda, Jonathan Crush and Godfrey Tawodzera

South-South migration is an important, though poorly researched, component of the global migration regime. This discussion paper focuses on the movement of migrants from one country in the Global South to live and work in urban areas of another. While they move from one country to another for a variety of reasons and with variable…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 40: Food Retailing Transitions and New Retail Businesses in Nanjing, China

Ning Dai and Zhenzhong Si

China’s food retailing sector is transitioning towards a digitalized consumer society in the context of widespread food safety anxiety. At the forefront of this transition is an innovative form of food retailing called New Retail Businesses (NRBs). Based on field research and interviews with key stakeholders in Nanjing, this study outlines distinctive features of NRBs…