Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 60: Opening Access to Urban Food Security Data in Africa from the Hungry Cities Partnership

Gareth Haysom, Bruce McDougall, Samuel Owuor, Ndeyapo Nickanor, Ines Raimundo, Lawrence Kazembe, Lynn Woolfrey and Jonathan Crush

The Hungry Cities Partnership (HCP) initiated a 7-year programme of food system research in eight cities of the Global South in January 2015: Mexico City, Mexico; Kingston, Jamaica; Windhoek, Namibia; Cape Town, South Africa; Maputo, Mozambique; Nairobi, Kenya; Bangalore, India; and Nanjing, China. This paper describes the research process in the four African cities of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 59: Increasing the Use of Spatial Data in Urban Household-Level Food Security Measurement

Jordan Blekking and Kurt Waldman

Measuring urban food security in Africa is challenging because the current food security metrics were designed for rural contexts, and often feature a bias toward food availability, yet limited urban food production means urban food security measurement requires a multi-dimensional evaluation that also takes stock of the spatial and behavioural dimensions of food security. Current…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 58: Wild Foods, the Nutrition Transition and Urban Food Security in Northern Namibia

Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence Kazembe and Jonathan Crush

Rapid urbanization and food system transformation in Africa have been accompanied by growing food insecurity, reduced dietary diversity and an epidemic of non-communicable disease. While the contribution of wild and indigenous foods (WIF) to the quality of rural household diets has been of longstanding attention, research on their consumption and role amongst urban households is…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 57: Pandemic Precarity and Food Insecurity in Urban Ghana During COVID-19

Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Bernard Owusu and Jonathan Crush

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on urban households in the Global South has not yet been adequately explored, despite an emerging consensus that impacts of the pandemic were more severe in urban than rural Africa. This paper addresses the knowledge gap by examining the relationship between pandemic precarity and food insecurity in Ghana’s urban…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 56: Towards a New Food Security Index for Urban Household Food Security

Cameron McCordic, Bruce Frayne, Naomi Sunu and Clare Williamson

The multidimensionality of food security can confound both statistical modelling and clear policy narratives. That complexity can become amplified in urban areas where food security is often a function of both local and global factors. Rather than focusing on one dimension of food security metrics, this investigation proposes a method for building an index of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 55: Food Clusters, Food Security and the Urban Food System of Northern Namibia

Lawrence Kazembe, Jonathan Crush and Ndeyapo Nickanor

A central feature of the transformation of urban food systems in cities of the Global South is the growing presence of supermarkets and their supply chains, often termed supermarketization or a supermarket revolution. A key issue in the African context is whether supermarkets are a threat to other sources of food including informal sector vendors.…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 54: Affordable Food Shops and Urban Food Security in China

Taiyang Zhong, Jonathan Crush, Yaya Song, Zhenzhong Si, Steffanie Scott and Yuxin Peng

Food subsidies have been widely implemented as part of government policies to mitigate food insecurity among the urban poor. The effectiveness of supply and demand-side subsidies have been a source of debate in the literature. One form of supply-side subsidy designed to make food more affordable to low-income consumers is to offer subsidies to retail…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 53: Changing Priorities in Urban Food Security Research: A Bibliometric Analysis

Bruce Frayne, Truzaar Dordi, Cameron McCordic, Naomi Sunu and Clare Williamson

The study of urban food security has evolved dramatically over the past few decades. This evolution has been punctuated, and catalyzed, by insights into the dynamic transformation of food systems in cities across the Global South. The evolution of this field provides an important vantage point for understanding both the dynamic transformation of  urban food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 52: Assessing Supermarket Patronage in Matola, Mozambique

Cameron McCordic, Bruce Frayne and Naomi Sunu

As an indicator of a broader nutrition transition, the supermarketization of urban food systems in the Global South has become a growing area of research interest. While the rising dominance of supermarkets in urban food systems has been noted in several primate cities in the Global South, there have been few investigations into the spatial…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 51: State-Led Localization of Food Provisioning and Food Security in Urban China

Taiyang Zhong, Steffanie Scott, Zhenzhong Si and Jonathan Crush

Food localization has been extensively studied and advocated in Western countries, focusing on its oppositional stance to food system globalization, long food supply chains and agribusiness, the disconnect between producers and consumers, and a desire to reconnect urban consumers with small farmers in the hinterland of cities. More recently, these localization models have been taken…