Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 55: Food Clusters, Food Security and the Urban Food System of Northern Namibia

Lawrence Kazembe, Jonathan Crush and Ndeyapo Nickanor

A central feature of the transformation of urban food systems in cities of the Global South is the growing presence of supermarkets and their supply chains, often termed supermarketization or a supermarket revolution. A key issue in the African context is whether supermarkets are a threat to other sources of food including informal sector vendors.…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 54: Affordable Food Shops and Urban Food Security in China

Taiyang Zhong, Jonathan Crush, Yaya Song, Zhenzhong Si, Steffanie Scott and Yuxin Peng

Food subsidies have been widely implemented as part of government policies to mitigate food insecurity among the urban poor. The effectiveness of supply and demand-side subsidies have been a source of debate in the literature. One form of supply-side subsidy designed to make food more affordable to low-income consumers is to offer subsidies to retail…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 53: Changing Priorities in Urban Food Security Research: A Bibliometric Analysis

Bruce Frayne, Truzaar Dordi, Cameron McCordic, Naomi Sunu and Clare Williamson

The study of urban food security has evolved dramatically over the past few decades. This evolution has been punctuated, and catalyzed, by insights into the dynamic transformation of food systems in cities across the Global South. The evolution of this field provides an important vantage point for understanding both the dynamic transformation of  urban food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 52: Assessing Supermarket Patronage in Matola, Mozambique

Cameron McCordic, Bruce Frayne and Naomi Sunu

As an indicator of a broader nutrition transition, the supermarketization of urban food systems in the Global South has become a growing area of research interest. While the rising dominance of supermarkets in urban food systems has been noted in several primate cities in the Global South, there have been few investigations into the spatial…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 51: State-Led Localization of Food Provisioning and Food Security in Urban China

Taiyang Zhong, Steffanie Scott, Zhenzhong Si and Jonathan Crush

Food localization has been extensively studied and advocated in Western countries, focusing on its oppositional stance to food system globalization, long food supply chains and agribusiness, the disconnect between producers and consumers, and a desire to reconnect urban consumers with small farmers in the hinterland of cities. More recently, these localization models have been taken…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 50: Food Security and Poverty Reduction Programmes in a Cape Town Community: A Qualitative Study

Sarah Duncan

Despite increased engagement with public programmes, low-income urban South African communities continue to experience high levels of food insecurity. More needs to be known about why progress in poverty alleviation and food security has plateaued (Shisana et al 2013). This discussion paper is based on a qualitative study that investigated how food insecure female-headed households…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 49: Urban Food System Governance and Food Security in Namibia

Jonathan Crush, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Lawrence Kazembe

Namibia’s transition to an urban society is occurring extremely rapidly and with it has come a transformation of urban food systems, changes in diets and food consumption patterns, increased undernutrition and overnutrition, and the rapid growth of non-communicable diseases. This paper examines the policy response of the Namibian government to the nutrition transition and double…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 48: COVID-19 and Emergency Food Security Policies in Urban China

Taiyang Zhong, Jonathan Crush, Zhenzhong Si and Steffanie Scott

The COVID-19 pandemic has continued to spread worldwide, threatening people’s health as well as their food security. Yet, empirical research investigating its impacts on food security is scant. Limited attention has been paid to the local food security management implications of an infectious disease pandemic. To narrow these gaps, this study investigated the development of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 47: Urban Food Security and Household Shocks in Nairobi, Kenya

Elizabeth Opiyo Onyango, Jonathan Crush and Samuel Owuor

Even though urban poverty is a key component of the development agenda in Nairobi with a focus on job creation, provision of basic infrastructure (such as roads and clean drinking water), food security has traditionally been omitted by city planners and managers despite its centrality to people’s health and wellbeing. One of the consequences of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 46: Hunger, Anger, and Strangers: Precarious Status and Food Insecurity Among Refugees and Asylum Seekers in South Africa

Jennifer Kandjii

This discussion paper analyzes the impact of a multiplicity of actors, policies, and practices on the food security of refugees and asylum seekers in South Africa’s urban spaces. Building on recent work that focuses on the legal production of illegality, institutionalization of precarity, and the reproduction of bordering practices by the state and citizenry, the…