Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 37: Validation of the HCP Survey Tool for Measuring Urban Food Insecurity: An Item Response Theory Approach

Vonai Charamba, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Lawrence N. Kazembe

There is some controversy on the applicability of the summand-based Household Food Security Assessment Score (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) as measures of food insecurity in urban areas in the Global South. These measures were primarily designed for measurement in rural communities where food insecurity itself was first identified and is still predominantly…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 36: The Interface Between Urbanization, Gender and Food in the Global South

Liam Riley and Belinda Dodson

The interface between urbanization, gender and food in the Global South offers a vantage point from which to think through the integrated nature of contemporary development challenges from both the structural elements of urban poverty and the ways in which urban residents navigate their cities. The starting point of this paper is that there is…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 35: The Food Safety and Food Security Nexus in the Urbanizing Global South

Jodi Koberinski, Zhenzhong Si and Steffanie Scott

Socioeconomic and structural changes in the global food system, driven by rapid urbanization in the Global South, shape the nature and scale of food safety problems as well as the strategies designed to cope with them. These changes create new challenges for ensuring food security, given that food safety is an essential dimension of food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 34: The Political Economy of Informal Food Vending in Kingston, Jamaica

Robert Kinlocke and Elizabeth Thomas-Hope

Small-scale food enterprises occupy a critical space in the food system of Kingston, Jamaica. While small-scale food retailers serve the entire population, they are disproportionately relied on by poor urban households. The nodes and networks of retailers play an important role in the value and commodity chain by providing access to comparatively cheap food but…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 33: Containing the Informal Food Sector in Windhoek, Namibia

Lawrence Kazembe, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Jonathan Crush

Policy responses to the growth of the informal food sector in African cities vary from benign neglect to active destruction. The eradication of street food vending is the dominant mode of governance. Alternative approaches that recognize the inevitability of informality and the role of the sector in making food accessible to the urban poor have…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 32: Wet Market Vendor Profits in Nanjing, China: A Spatial Analysis

Xinxian Qi, Taiyang Zhong, Zhenzhong Si, Xianjin Huang and Jonathan Crush

Wet markets play an important role in urban food security in many Asian countries. Existing research pays more attention to the wet market food accessibility of urban residents and less on the business operations and profits of wet market vendors. Based on a survey of 1,119 small food enterprises in Nanjing, this study employs the…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 31: Motivations and Challenges of Youth Entrepreneurs in Maputo’s Food Markets

Cameron McCordic and Ines Raimundo

Amidst a growing youth unemployment crisis spreading across Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a pressing need for effective policy intervention, based on sound research, to support young people’s entry into labour markets. As urban labour markets continue to catalyze the growth of national economies in the Global South, the inclusion of youth entrepreneurs in the food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 30: Governing the Informal Food Sector in Cities of the Global South

Graeme Young and Jonathan Crush

The role of the informal food sector in the urban food system cannot be appreciated or understood without the compilation and analysis of systematic and representative data on the activities of informal enterprises across a city and along food supply chains outside it. At present, there are significant gaps in the knowledge base about the…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 29: Modes of Governance of Street Food Vending in Nanjing, China

Ning Dai, Taiyang Zhong and Steffanie Scott

In the Global South, the informal food economy is both a source of income for disadvantaged urban groups and an accessible source of food for consumers. Yet governance of this economy has commonly been restrictive in Southern countries including China. Consequently, in China there has been an antagonistic relationship between vendors and chengguan (China’s city…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 28: Urban Food Deserts in Nairobi and Mexico City

Jeremy Wagner, Lucy Hinton, Cameron McCordic, Samuel Owuor, Guenola Capron and Salomón Gonzalez Arellano

Recent conceptualizations of “food deserts” have expanded from a sole focus on access to supermarkets, to food retail outlets, to all household food sources. Each iteration of the urban food desert concept has associated food sourcing behaviour in relation to household poverty, food insecurity, and dietary diversity characteristics. While the term continues to evolve, there…