Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 41: Migration and Food Security in Cities of the Global South

Abel Chikanda, Jonathan Crush and Godfrey Tawodzera

South-South migration is an important, though poorly researched, component of the global migration regime. This discussion paper focuses on the movement of migrants from one country in the Global South to live and work in urban areas of another. While they move from one country to another for a variety of reasons and with variable…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 40: Food Retailing Transitions and New Retail Businesses in Nanjing, China

Ning Dai and Zhenzhong Si

China‚Äôs food retailing sector is transitioning towards a digitalized consumer society in the context of widespread food safety anxiety. At the forefront of this transition is an innovative form of food retailing called New Retail Businesses (NRBs). Based on field research and interviews with key stakeholders in Nanjing, this study outlines distinctive features of NRBs…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 39: Urban Food Governance Perspectives in Changing African and Southern Cities

Gareth Haysom

The key urban food governance question in African and other Southern cities is understanding the role that appropriate infrastructures could play in delivering positive outcomes in the urban food system. This discussion paper looks at urban food governance needs in African cities and reflects on the governance actions required in order to respond to wider…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 38: Reconceptualizing Informal Economic Governance: Implications from Cape Town, South Africa

Graeme Young

As awareness of the centrality of informality in urban development processes in the Global South is slowly incorporated into the international development agenda, a full understanding of the myriad ways in which informal economic activity is governed has become increasingly urgent. This discussion paper seeks to address this need through an analysis of informal economic…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 37: Validation of the HCP Survey Tool for Measuring Urban Food Insecurity: An Item Response Theory Approach

Vonai Charamba, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Lawrence N. Kazembe

There is some controversy on the applicability of the summand-based Household Food Security Assessment Score (HFIAS) and Household Dietary Diversity Score (HDDS) as measures of food insecurity in urban areas in the Global South. These measures were primarily designed for measurement in rural communities where food insecurity itself was first identified and is still predominantly…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 36: The Interface Between Urbanization, Gender and Food in the Global South

Liam Riley and Belinda Dodson

The interface between urbanization, gender and food in the Global South offers a vantage point from which to think through the integrated nature of contemporary development challenges from both the structural elements of urban poverty and the ways in which urban residents navigate their cities. The starting point of this paper is that there is…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 35: The Food Safety and Food Security Nexus in the Urbanizing Global South

Jodi Koberinski, Zhenzhong Si and Steffanie Scott

Socioeconomic and structural changes in the global food system, driven by rapid urbanization in the Global South, shape the nature and scale of food safety problems as well as the strategies designed to cope with them. These changes create new challenges for ensuring food security, given that food safety is an essential dimension of food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 34: The Political Economy of Informal Food Vending in Kingston, Jamaica

Robert Kinlocke and Elizabeth Thomas-Hope

Small-scale food enterprises occupy a critical space in the food system of Kingston, Jamaica. While small-scale food retailers serve the entire population, they are disproportionately relied on by poor urban households. The nodes and networks of retailers play an important role in the value and commodity chain by providing access to comparatively cheap food but…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 33: Containing the Informal Food Sector in Windhoek, Namibia

Lawrence Kazembe, Ndeyapo Nickanor and Jonathan Crush

Policy responses to the growth of the informal food sector in African cities vary from benign neglect to active destruction. The eradication of street food vending is the dominant mode of governance. Alternative approaches that recognize the inevitability of informality and the role of the sector in making food accessible to the urban poor have…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 32: Wet Market Vendor Profits in Nanjing, China: A Spatial Analysis

Xinxian Qi, Taiyang Zhong, Zhenzhong Si, Xianjin Huang and Jonathan Crush

Wet markets play an important role in urban food security in many Asian countries. Existing research pays more attention to the wet market food accessibility of urban residents and less on the business operations and profits of wet market vendors. Based on a survey of 1,119 small food enterprises in Nanjing, this study employs the…