International Conference on Contemporary Issues in Food and Food Security

Maputo, Mozambique
July 4-5, 2019

An International Conference of the Hungry Cities Partnership (supported by the IDRC and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada) and the Commonwealth Geographical Bureau

Maputo, Mozambique July 4-5, 2019

Theme of the Conference

Foods of many types and nutritional value are produced and consumed in varied ways and different amounts across the world. The patterns of the stability of both production and consumption are affected by a wide range of bio-physical and socio-economic drivers, and these are further conditioned by political and cultural contexts. Who produces and who consumes what types and amounts of food are reflections of existing levels of assets inequity at all scales – from the global and national to the community and household. The people with least assets and, therefore, the most vulnerable in terms of regular access to adequate food, are the poor in countries of the Global South. In some cases the vulnerability of poverty is compounded by prolonged military conflict, disease epidemics, as well as the inequitable competition for agricultural land and water in rural areas, and for affordable retailed food in urban centres. The strategies employed by people to secure food further reflect variations based on gender roles, knowledge base, technological capabilities, perceptions and issues of governance. Additionally, a food transition is currently in process with traditional diets frequently being replaced by new options. The trend is towards higher consumption of calories, fats and animal products, as populations become influenced by the globalized marketing strategies of ‘big food’ which is changing food preferences, including those of the poor.

Conference Report

ANNEX I Conference Programme

ANNEX II Abstracts of Conference papers

Day 1: Thursday 04 July 2019

Paper Session 1: Urban Food Systems

Gareth Haysom. Embracing positionality to engage wicked problems – food as a lens to identify levers for urban change.

Julia Davies, A. Fluckiger, J. Blekking, K. Waldman , C. Tuholske, K. Caylor, T. Evans. Understanding urban food security in heterogeneous cities of sub-Saharan Africa.

Daniel Tevera. Crisis and urban landscapes of informal food enclaves: The experience of the city of Gweru in Zimbabwe.

Godfrey Tawodzera. The nature and operations of informal food vendors in Cape Town, South Africa.

Paper Session 2: Urban Food Production & Marketing

Jorge Fernando Bahule. Good practices and Challenges of agricultural production in Maputo City: the experience of the Agricultural and Livestock Association.

Nicole Paganini & Zayaan Khan. It is not about spinach: The role of local markets for urban farmers within the food system of disadvantage neighbourhoods in Cape Town and Maputo.

Tinashe Kanosvamhira. Urban agriculture in Mitchells Plain, Cape Town: Examining the linkages between urban farmers and supporting actors.

Andrew Zimmer, Zack Guido, Julia Davies, Tom Evans. Rural-Urban linkages of maize price in Zambia.

Paper Session 3: Vulnerability & Resilience in sustaining Food Security

Amina Inkani. Climate Change, Agricultural production and food insecurity in rural Katsina State, Nigeria.

Máriam Abbas. Food security and climate change in Mozambique: A farming-system approach to assess vulnerability.

Cândido Armando Manhica. Evaluation of soil sustainability in crops rotation of maize, sorghum, cow pea, and soya: The case of the district of Boane, Mozambique.

Luisa Mutisse, Ivo Cumbana & Samuel Quive. Mahala: Challenges and opportunities of marketing agricultural production in Maputo City.

Paper Session 4: The Politics of Food, Food Policy and Governance

Gareth Haysom. Southern urban food governance perspectives?

Bruce Frayne & Cameron McCordic. Investing in urban food security: Achieving the SDGs and decision-making tools.

Graeme Young. Failed governance in Cape Town’s informal food economy.

Taiyang Zhong,Zhenzhong Si, Steffanie Scott, Xianj Huang. Spatial levelling: A geographical solution to urban food affordability in Nanjing, China.

Day 2: Friday 5th July 2019

Planery Keynote:

Bruce Frayne. Urban Hunger, the Sustainable Development Goals and the Role of Universities

Paper Session 5: Knowledge Systems & Technology in achieving food security

William Munro & Rachel Schurman. Building an institutional and ideational architecture for the African Green Revolution.

Balfour Spence. Developing a standard audit instrument (SAI) for assessing disaster risk management (DRM) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in agriculture: A strategy for sustainable food security in the Caribbean.

Jordan Blekking. Spatial characteristics of consumer confidence and food (in)security in secondary cities of Southern Africa.

Mairo Haruna & Maryam Liman. Time-use analysis of women activities in a rural and peri-urban agrarian society in Kano State, Nigeria.

Paper Session 6: Migration, Rural-Urban Linkages in Food Security

Jonathan Crush. The migration-food security nexus in the Global South (MiFood).

Boaventura M. Cau and Victor Agadjanian. Labor migration, agricultural resources and food security in rural Mozambique.

Elizabeth Thomas-Hope, Ines Raimundo, Robert Kinlocke. Migration corridors and connections in the mitigation of food insecurity: A comparative view of Kingston and Maputo.

Ndeyapo Nickanor. Contribution of rural-urban transfers to household food security in secondary cities in Namibia: A case study of Oshakati, Ongwediva and Ondangwa.

Paper Session 7: Urban and Rural Livelihoods & Food Security/Insecurity

Tony Binns & Jerram Bateman. Rural livelihoods and food security: Long-term insights from Sierra Leone’s Eastern Province.

Ezequiel Alfeu Abrahamo. An approach to the urban food Insecurity in the City of Maputo: a case study of KaNyaka Island.

Shriya Anand, Keerthana Jagadeesh, Charrlotte Adelina, Jyothi Koduganti. Urban food security in Bangalore: A baseline study.

Samuel Owuor & Teresa Mbatia. Determinants of household food security in Nairobi, Kenya.

Paper Session 8: Gender, Age, Nutrition and Health

Heidi Gengenbach, Alcino Comé & Justino Nhabinde. Food for beer?: Gender and nutrition politics in a cassava “value chain” scheme.

Adonna Jardine-Comrie. Growing old and hungry? A snapshot of food security among senior citizens in Kingston Jamaica.

Closing Session

Key reflection from conference – HCP perspective Jonathan Crush

Key reflection from conference – local host – Ines Raimundo

Comments from the floor