Razack Karriem obtained his PhD in City and Regional Planning from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Prior to joining the Institute for Social Development at UWC, he taught in the Department of City and Regional Development at Cornell University and in the Growth and Structure of Cities Program at Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr Karriem also worked for the Department of Land Affairs (on land reform and rural development) and at the Department Constitutional Development (on provincial and local governance). Prof. Karriem research interests are in urban and rural development, the role of social movements in promoting development from below, as well as urban sustainability and climate change. He has researched and written on the Brazilian Landless Movement’s struggles for land reform and an ecologically sustainable rural development model. His current research project focuses on the housing struggles of Abahlali baseMjondolo or the Shackdwellers Movement of South Africa.