Publications: Journal Articles

Joint Spatial Modeling of Disease Risk Using Multiple Sources: An Application on HIV Prevalence from Antenatal Sentinel and Demographic and Health Surveys in Namibia

D. Ntirampeba, I. Neema, LN. Kazembe

Global Health Research and Policy. 2017, 2:22. BACKGROUND: In disease mapping field, researchers often encounter data from multiple sources. Such data are fraught with challenges such as lack of a representative sample, often incomplete and most of which may have measurement errors, and may be spatially and temporally misaligned. This paper presents a joint model in…

Modelling Spatial Patterns of Misaligned Disease Data: An Application on Measles Incidence in Namibia

D. Ntirampeba, I. Neema, LN. Kazembe

Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health. 2017, 5(4):190-195 Introduction Quite often disease data are available in aggregated formats mostly to maintain confidentiality. This leads to a misalignment problem when the goal is to analyze risk at a different level of spatial resolution different from the original administrative level where data were available. Objective To estimate and…

Urban Health Research in Africa: Themes and Priority Research Questions

Tolu Oni, Warren Smit, Richard Matzopoulos, Jo Hunter Adams, Michelle Pentecost, Hanna-Andrea Rother, Zulfah Albertyn, Farzaneh Behroozi, Olufunke Alaba, Mamadou Kaba, Claire van der Westhuizen, Maylene Shung King, Naomi S. Levitt, Susan Parnell, Estelle V. Lambert, and RICHE members

Journal of Urban Health. 93: 722-730. The themes and cross-cutting principles presented overlap and interact with each other. As such, a complex systems approach is required to investigate and improve understanding of health and well-being in a changing urban context with a view to developing sustainable and cost-effective interventions. This approach: Acknowledges the different dimensions of…

Urban Governance and Spatial Transformation Ambitions in Johannesburg

Edgar Pieterse

Journal of Urban Affairs. 2017, 41(1): 20-38. Urban governance has been thrust into the spotlight in the wake of the Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in September 2015. A number of the 17 goals assume strong urban governments with the requisite powers and financial capacities to restructure the functioning of regional economies…

Security Risk and Xenophobia in the Urban Informal Sector

Sujata Ramachandran, Jonathan Crush and Godfrey Tawodzera

Journal of African Human Mobility Review. 2017, 3(2): 820-853 Whenever there are violent attacks on refugee and migrant businesses in South Africa’s informal sector, politicians, officials and commissions of enquiry deny that xenophobia is a driving force or indeed exists at all in the county. A new strain of nativist research in South Africa does…

Intersectional Identities: Food, Space and Gender in Urban Malawi

Liam Riley, Belinda Dodson

Agenda: Empowering Women for Gender Equity 2017,30 (4): 53-61. This briefing provides a feminist interpretation of food consumption in Blantyre, Malawi, drawing primarily from participatory group discussions with a variety of residents. In these discussions participants were asked to name foods and then categorise them as rural, urban or both rural and urban, and then…

Policy Responses to Informality in Urban Africa: The Example of Maputo, Mozambique

Christian M Rogerson

GeoJournal. 2017, 82(6): 1179-1194. In the global South informality constitutes one of the leading issues for urban policy makers. The planning challenges around informality are particularly relevant in urban Africa as most Africans make their livelihoods in the informal economy. This paper examines issues of state policy responses to informality through the lens of street…

Using the Hierarchical Ordinal Regression Model to Analyze the Intensity of Urinary Schistosomiasis Infection in School Children in Lusaka Province, Zambia

C. Simoonga, LN. Kazembe

Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 2017, 6(1):43 BACKGROUND: Urinary schistosomiasis has been a major public health problem in Zambia for many years. However, the disease profile may vary in different locale due to the changing ecosystem that contributes to the risk of acquiring the disease. The objective of this study was to quantify risk factors associated…

Growing Centralization in China’s Farmland Protection Policy in Response to Policy Failure and Related Upward-Extending Unwillingness to Protect Farmland Since 1978

Taiyang Zhong, Bruce Mitchell, Steffanie Scott, Xianjin Huang, Yi Li, Xiao Lu

Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space 2017, 35(6): 1075-1097. Since 1978, China has experienced a rapid loss of arable land, leading to centralizing of farmland protection policies. To understand the growing centralization, this paper has used the lens of the interactions among (1) unwillingness to protect farmland among diverse actors, (2) policy failure and (3)…

The Effect of Land Use Planning (2006–2020) on Construction Land Growth in China

Yan Zhou, Xianjin Huang, Yi Chen, Taiyang Zhong, Guoliang Xu, Jinliao He, Yuting Xu, Hao Meng

Cities, 2017, 68: 37-47. Land use planning is a comprehensive instrument for managing non-agricultural land growth in China, and the evaluation of its implementation effect on growth control is of great significance for policy improvement. However, little empirical research has been done to estimate its implementation effect at the city level of the whole country. This study aims to evaluate…