Publications: Journal Articles

City Without Choice: Urban Food Insecurity in Msunduzi, South Africa

Jonathan Crush and Mary Caesar

Urban Forum 2014, 25: 165-75. The official moniker of the city of Msunduzi in Kwazulu-Natal is “city of choice.” The economic revival of Msunduzi over the past decade has been driven by the influx of capital to a city that claims to offer significant advantages to the investor. This paper examines whether this marketing ploy has…

Operation Dongosolo and the Geographies of Urban Poverty in Malawi

Liam Riley

2014, Journal of Southern African Studies 40(3): 443-458. Urban poverty in southern Africa is a multi-dimensional issue comprising both deeply rooted historical factors expressed in the built environments of cities and contemporary factors related to ongoing political and economic changes. The tension between states and street vendors throughout southern Africa is part of a perennial struggle…

Comparative Urban Food Geographies in Blantyre and Gaborone

Liam Riley & Alexander Legwegoh

2014, African Geographical Review 33: 52-66. The geographical diversity of African cities creates context-specific strengths and weaknesses in household food security that come to light in the comparative case study presented in this paper. A recent survey of low-income households in 11 southern African cities found a much higher rate of food security in Blantyre…

Gendered Mobilities and Food Access in Blantyre, Malawi

Liam Riley & Belinda Dodson

2014, Urban Forum 25: 227-239. Access to food, rather than a shortage of food availability, is the central problem for urban household food security. Blantyre presents a useful case study for demonstrating the importance of linking gender and urban food security. Rates of urban food insecurity are less severe than in other cities surveyed by…

Urban Carbon Footprint and Carbon Cycle Pressure: The Case Study of Nanjing

Zhao Rongqin, Huang Xianjin, Liu Ying, Taiyang Zhong, Minglei Ding, Xiaowei Chuai

2014, Journal of Geographical Sciences 24: 159-176. Urban carbon footprint reflects the impact and pressure of human activities on urban environment. Based on city level, this paper estimated carbon emissions and carbon footprint of Nanjing city, analyzed urban carbon footprint intensity and carbon cycle pressure and discussed the influencing factors of carbon footprint through LMDI…

Contradictions in China’s Path to Zero Food Safety Risk: State- and Civil Society-Driven Developments in the Ecological Agriculture Sector

Steffanie Scott, Zhenzhong Si, Theresa Schumilas & Aijuan Chen

2014, Food Policy 45: 158-166. Considering certified organic production as ‘zero’ (including the absence of genetically modified seeds and feed, and synthetic pesticides and fertilizers as inputs), we outline how, since the 1990s, China has developed a unique system of progressively stringent food quality production standards—‘hazard-free’, ‘green food’, and organic—on its purported path to zero…

Carbon Flow of Urban System and Its Policy Implications: The Case of Nanjing

Rongqin Zhao, Xianjin Huang, Taiyang Zhong, Ying Liu & Xiaowei Chuai

2014, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 33: 589-601. China is now in the process of rapid urbanization. City׳s operating efficiency was directly determined by the scale and efficiency of energy consumption and flow. The pattern, scale and efficiency of urban carbon flow are not only important indicators that reflect urban efficiency and sustainable development, but…

Assessing Contributions of Urban Agriculture to Household Food Security in Southern African Cities

Bruce Frayne, Cameron McCordic & Helena Shilomboleni

2014, Urban Forum 25(2):177-198. The literature on urban agriculture (UA) as a food security and poverty alleviation strategy is bifurcating into two distinct positions. The first is that UA is a viable and effective pro-poor development strategy, and the second is that UA has demonstrated limited positive outcomes on either food security or poverty. These…

Seeking Common Ground for Food Systems Transformation

Alison Blay-Palmer, I. Knezevic, and A. Spring

2014, Dialogues in Human Geography 4(2): 185-189. While theoretically the terms food sovereignty and food security are often very differently nuanced, in practice they commonly provide valuable and complementary foundations for food system transformation. Our goal is to illuminate spaces where food is/has been a lever for change through a combination of food security and…

Uganda’s Emerging Urban Policy Environment: Implications for Urban Food Security and Urban Migrants

Andrea Brown

2014, Urban Forum 25 (2): 253-264. In recognition of the challenges posed by Uganda’s rapid urbanization, the national government is in the process of developing a Uganda national urban policy (UNUP). The government is also preparing a “stringent” new national migration policy. Up to now, Uganda’s policy environment has ignored the urban dimensions of poverty and…