Publications: Journal Articles

Characterizing Alternative Food Networks in China

Zhenzhong Si, Theresa Schumilas, Steffanie Scott

2015, Agriculture and Human Values 32(2): 299-313. Amid the many food safety scandals that have erupted in recent years, Chinese food activists and consumers are turning to the creation of alternative food networks (AFNs) to ensure better control over their food. These Chinese AFNs have not been documented in the growing literature on food studies.…

The Convergence of Alternative Food Networks within “Rural Development” Initiatives: The Case of the New Rural Reconstruction Movement in China

Zhenzhong Si & Steffanie Scott

2015, Local Environment DOI:10.1080/13549839.2015.1067190 Rural sociologists and geographers have conceptualised different rural development trajectories including “the agri-industrial model”, “the post-productivist model” and “the rural development model”. Alternative food networks (AFNs) are increasingly recognised as a “forerunner” and a critical component of the emerging “rural development model” in the West. Meanwhile, Marsden and Franklin [2013. Replacing…

Co-Producing Urban Knowledge: Experimenting with Alternatives to ‘Best Practice’ for Cape Town, South Africa

Zarina Patel, Saskia Greyling, Susan Parnell & Gordon Pirie

2015, International Development Planning Review 37: 187-203 As an alternative to ‘best practice’, a City–University partnership in Cape Town has been influencing the development trajectory of the city through the co-production of knowledge by practitioners and academics. The partnership allows for sharing and a deepening of substantive knowledge about Cape Town and also acquisition of…

Making the Sustainable Development Goals Operational through an Urban Agenda: Perspectives from Science

Susan Parnell, José Siri, Thomas Elmqvist, Peter Marcotullio, Anthony Capon, Aromar Revi, Jo Ivey Boufford

2015, Solutions 2: 37-40. Currently, there is a unique opportunity for the global scientific community to significantly contribute to sustainable futures through the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) process. A critical issue now under debate in the UN Open Working Group (OWG) on the SDGs is how they should deal with urban issues.1 At stake is…

Food and the City: Urban Scale Food System Governance

Gareth Haysom

2015, Urban Forum 26(3): 263-281. Food insecurity in urban areas, particularly in developing countries, is a persistent yet poorly understood phenomenon. Food security interventions have primarily focused on ensuring food availability, a focus that has resulted in predominantly production-oriented responses that presuppose a rural challenge, overlooking urban food insecurity challenges. This view generally precipitates welfarist…

Disaster Risk and Its Reduction: An Agenda for Urban Africa

Ibidun Adelekan, Cassidy Johnson, Mtafu Manda, David Matyas, Blessing Mberu, Susan Parnell et al

2015, International Development Planning Review 37(1): 33-43. Populations and assets, in African cities, small and large, are among the most vulnerable to disaster risk globally. Climate change and demographic shifts add urgency and uncertainty. This paper outlines priorities for research responding to this challenge. We argue for integrative approaches that can capture multi-hazard risk and…

Implications of Supermarket Expansion on Urban Food Security in Cape Town, South Africa

Stephen Peyton, William Moseley & Jane Battersby

2015, African Geographical Review 34(1): 36-54. The rapid rise in supermarkets in developing countries over the last several decades resulted in radical transformations of food retail systems. In Cape Town, supermarket expansion has coincided with rapid urbanization and food insecurity. In this context, retail modernization has become a powerful market-driven process impacting food access for…

Household Food Insecurity & Survival in Harare: 2008 and Beyond

Godfrey Tawodzera

2014, Urban Forum 25: 207-216. In 2008, Zimbabwe was in crisis, with an economy in ruins and a volatile political environment. The country’s GDP had contracted by over 40 % since 2,000 level; the official unemployment rate was over 80 %; hyperinflation was running at over 200 million percent; and food production deficits of the staple crop,…

Africa’s Urban Food Deserts

Jane Battersby and Jonathan Crush

Urban Forum 2014, 25(2):143-151 Since the mid-1990s, the concept of the ‘urban food desert’ has been extensively applied to deprived neighbourhoods in European and North American cities. Food deserts are usually characterised as economically-disadvantaged areas where there is relatively poor access to healthy and affordable food because of the absence of modern retail outlets (such as…

The Need for a Diverse and Responsive Food System

Jane Battersby

UA Magazine 2014, 27: 10-12. We have all been warned about “putting all of our eggs in one basket”. We are constantly advised to keep our options open. Financial managers recommend investors diversify their portfolios to manage risk. So why doesn’t this logic follow through when considering what kind of food system works best to ensure…