Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 17: Revisiting Africa’s Supermarket Revolution

Jonathan Crush, Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence N. Kazembe, Jeremy Wagner

Africa is urbanizing at an unprecedented rate and food systems are undergoing rapid transformation. This transformation is being driven in part by a global supermarket revolution. However, the idea of an inexorable supermarket revolution on the continent has recently been contested. This paper examines the role of supermarkets in Namibia’s capital city Windhoek to test…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 16: Cheap Industrial Food and the Urban Margins

Tony Weis, Marylynn Steckley, Bruce Frayne

From the middle of the 20th century onwards, the productivity gains associated with high-input, high- yield monocultures and livestock operations have become increasingly central to global food security and to dynamics of urbanization across the global south. On one hand, competition has deflated prices and helped undermine the viability of small farm livelihoods in many…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 15: The Food Security Implications of Gendered Access to Education and Employment in Maputo

Cameron McCordic, Liam Riley, Ines Raimundo

The multiple linkages between gender and household food security in cities have been observed in diverse settings, at multiple scales, and through a variety of disciplinary lenses. The Hungry Cities Partnership is rooted in the importance of inclusive growth of cities, which includes a fundamental concern with gender-based injustices that reduce inclusivity, sustainability and food…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 14: The Impact of Proximity to Wet Markets and Supermarkets on Household Dietary Diversity in Nanjing City, China

Taiyang Zhong, Zhenzhong Si, Jonathan Crush, Zhiying Xu, Xianjin Huang, Steffanie Scott, Shuangshuang Tang, Xiang Zhang

Existing studies suggest that despite the proliferation of supermarkets, traditional wet markets have persisted in many countries and have been playing an important role in people’s daily food access. Yet, studies investigating the issue of food access and its influences on food security have mainly focused on food deserts and the proximity to supermarkets, with…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 13: The Growth of Food Banking in Cities of the Global South

Daniel N. Warshawsky

As the number and size of food banks increase globally, it is critical to research how food banks fit into existing food systems and their role in reducing food insecurity and food waste. After examining the political ecology of urban food waste in food systems, this discussion paper examines the globalization of food banking and…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 12: Compounding Vulnerability: A Model of Urban Household Food Security

Cameron McCordic

The efficiency of the infrastructure systems in cities will define the extent to which dystopic visions of urban futures become a reality. At the level of the individual household, vulnerability to hazards in cities is defined, in part, by the ability to access essential resources and services. This discussion paper proposes a model to help…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 11: Urban Food Security, Rural Bias and the Global Development Agenda

Jonathan Crush & Liam Riley

This discussion paper sets out the global, African, and South African contexts within which both urban development and food security agendas in Africa are framed. It argues that the pervasive rural bias and anti-urbanism identified in the international and regional food security agendas in the first decade of the 21st century have persisted into the…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 10: The Hungry Cities Food Purchases Matrix: A Measure of Urban Household Food Security and Food System Interactions

Jonathan Crush & Cameron McCordic

Recent theoretical work has suggested that urban food security is the result of food system interactions. This work highlights the challenge of assessing household-level food insecurity and relating it to the broader food system. One priority is to develop food security metrics that incorporate household inter-actions with the food system retail environment. The Hungry Cities…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 9: Comparing Household Food Security in Cities of the Global South through a Gender Lens

Liam Riley & Mary Caesar

Understanding the determinants of urban food insecurity requires sensitivity to local cultural contexts and taking into account a globally relevant framework for analysis. A gender lens is amenable to this kind of analysis because it is rooted in local configurations of households, livelihoods and consumption patterns, while also being animated by a longstanding global effort…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 8: International Migration and Urban Food Security in South African Cities

Jonathan Crush & Godfrey Tawodzera

The drivers of food insecurity in rapidly growing urban areas of the Global South are receiving more research and policy attention, but the precise connections between urbanization, urban food security and migration are still largely unexplored. In particular, the levels and causes of food insecurity amongst new migrants to the city have received little consideration.…