Publications: Hungry Cities Papers

HCP Discussion Paper No. 13: The Growth of Food Banking in Cities of the Global South

Daniel N. Warshawsky

As the number and size of food banks increase globally, it is critical to research how food banks fit into existing food systems and their role in reducing food insecurity and food waste. After examining the political ecology of urban food waste in food systems, this discussion paper examines the globalization of food banking and…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 12: Compounding Vulnerability: A Model of Urban Household Food Security

Cameron McCordic

The efficiency of the infrastructure systems in cities will define the extent to which dystopic visions of urban futures become a reality. At the level of the individual household, vulnerability to hazards in cities is defined, in part, by the ability to access essential resources and services. This discussion paper proposes a model to help…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 11: Urban Food Security, Rural Bias and the Global Development Agenda

Jonathan Crush & Liam Riley

This discussion paper sets out the global, African, and South African contexts within which both urban development and food security agendas in Africa are framed. It argues that the pervasive rural bias and anti-urbanism identified in the international and regional food security agendas in the first decade of the 21st century have persisted into the…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 10: The Hungry Cities Food Purchases Matrix: A Measure of Urban Household Food Security and Food System Interactions

Jonathan Crush & Cameron McCordic

Recent theoretical work has suggested that urban food security is the result of food system interactions. This work highlights the challenge of assessing household-level food insecurity and relating it to the broader food system. One priority is to develop food security metrics that incorporate household inter-actions with the food system retail environment. The Hungry Cities…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 9: Comparing Household Food Security in Cities of the Global South through a Gender Lens

Liam Riley & Mary Caesar

Understanding the determinants of urban food insecurity requires sensitivity to local cultural contexts and taking into account a globally relevant framework for analysis. A gender lens is amenable to this kind of analysis because it is rooted in local configurations of households, livelihoods and consumption patterns, while also being animated by a longstanding global effort…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 8: International Migration and Urban Food Security in South African Cities

Jonathan Crush & Godfrey Tawodzera

The drivers of food insecurity in rapidly growing urban areas of the Global South are receiving more research and policy attention, but the precise connections between urbanization, urban food security and migration are still largely unexplored. In particular, the levels and causes of food insecurity amongst new migrants to the city have received little consideration.…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 7: Household Food Security and Access to Medical Care in Maputo, Mozambique

Cameron McCordic

The relationship between household access to medical care and food security is a potentially circuitous and challenging relationship to model. This discussion paper uses multiple modelling techniques to determine the quality of the relationships between these variables using household survey data collected by the Hungry Cities Partnership in 2014 in Maputo, Mozambique. The results of…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 6: The Informal Sector’s Role in Food Security: A Missing Link in Policy Debates

Caroline Skinner & Gareth Haysom

This discussion paper aims to review what is currently known about the role played by the informal sector in general, and informal retailers in particular, in the accessibility of food in South Africa. The review seeks to identify policy-relevant research gaps. Drawing on Statistics South Africa data, we show that the informal sector is an…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 5: Mapping the Informal Food Economy in Cape Town, South Africa

Jane Battersby, Maya Marshak, Ncedo Mngqibisa

The informal food retail sector is an important component of urban food systems and plays a vital role in ensuring access to food by the urban poor. Yet, policy frameworks both to address food security and to govern the informal sector neglect informal retail in the food system and, as a result, the sector is…

HCP Discussion Paper No. 4: Supermarkets, Wet Markets and Food Patronage in Nanjing, China

Zhenzhong Si, Steffanie Scott, Cameron McCordic

Although supermarkets have become a dominant food outlet for urban residents in developed countries, studies of food purchasing in developing countries such as China report a persistence of traditional food outlets, despite a proliferation of supermarkets over the past two decades. Yet, little is known about urban residents’ use of various food sources in the…